Stereotactic radiosurgery using the robotic CyberKnife® manipulator is a distance radiation therapy method that allows to precisely administer a high dose of ionizing radiation in a defined and localized target area. The source of radiation is a linear accelerator that is attached to the robotic manipulator. This manipulator allows for the possibility to change the trajectory of the radiation beam in all planes, thus CyberKnife® treats cancers or benign growths from any angle.
CyberKnife® is used both as an alternative to surgical operation and as the only treatment option for patients for whom surgical operation is not possible for a variety of reasons. CyberKnife® is an opportunity for those who suffer from a still currently untreatable localization tumor (for example, if the tumor is located close to the spinal cord or if lung, liver, or adrenal cancer is located in a place that is inoperable, while maintaining the patient’s life functions).
CyberKnife® technology is especially suitable for treatment therapy of such cancers and benign growths that are localized close to life’s vital organs and centers (for example, optical nerves, brain stem). In such cases, a fractioned radiation regime is used (3 to 5 sessions). CyberKnife® system can be used to treat damage and growths anywhere in an organism, if radiosurgery is not possible (this is determined by the doctor) or – as its alternative. The CyberKnife® system is often successfully used to treat patients who suffer from cancer and benign tumors, vascular anomalies, and other similar natured diseases.
CyberKnife® radiosurgery can be used in the treatment of benign and malignant tumors in these body parts:
• Brain (brain tumor and metastasis, acoustic neuroma, meningioma, angioma and arteriovenous malformation, trigeminal neuralgia, pituitary adenoma);
• Lungs (lung and bronchogenic carcinoma, solitary lung metastasis);
• Liver (liver metastasis, liver carcinoma);
• Pancreas (pancreatic cancer);
• Spine (spinal tumor and metastasis, meningioma, recurring tumor);
• Prostate (primary and recurring tumor);
• Bone (chest, spine, skull);
• Kidneys (metastasis, renal carcinoma);
• Breast (mammary gland carcinoma);
• Head and neck area (nasopharynx, throat, tongue, neck lymph node metastasis).
CyberKnife® radiosurgery can also be used in the treatment of other non-oncological diseases:
• Vascular problems, for example, arteriovenous malformations (changes to vascular wall tone and structure);
• Parkinson’s disease;
• Trigeminal neuralgia (short spastic pain in the facial area).